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Dental erosion – literature update

Alina M. Picos,  Andrea M. Chisnoiu,  Jean F. Lasserre, Aurelia Spinei, Radu M. Chisnoiu,  Andrei Picos


 
Abstract. Tooth wear is a complex, pluri-factorial process that must be taken into account in clinical practice. The main mechanisms typically
related to dental wear are: abrasion, attrition, erosion and wear by fatigue. The dramatic increase in the frequency of erosive lesions, especially
in younger age groups determined us to give a synthesis of the most recent scientific literature on the specific problem of erosion. Attention is
drawn to the excessive consumption of acidic beverages in children and teenagers, erosion and destruction associated with gastro esophageal
reflux, psychiatric disorders of bulimia and anorexia. From the study of 58 articles we have detailed the principles of diagnosis, the prevalence
associated with age and finally the main etiological factors. The definition of specific population groups with intrinsic or extrinsic risk factors
for dental erosion will help generate preventive approaches and will open the way for the development of new treatment protocols.

Key Words: erosion, wear, tribology, gastroesophageal reflux, acidic drinks.

Copyright: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted
use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Corresponding Author: A. M. Chisnoiu, dr.chisnoiu@yahoo.com

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